Degenerate and two-color resonant four-wave mixing applied to the rotational characterization of high-lying vibrational states of formaldehyde (Ã, 1A2)


  • Presented as part of a commemorative issue for Wolfgang Kiefer on the occasion of his 65th birthday.


Degenerate and two-color resonant four-wave mixing techniques (DFWM and TC-RFWM) are applied to determine rotational constants of high-lying vibrational levels in the first excited singlet state Ã(1A2) of formaldehyde. It has been demonstrated that the sensitivity of the spectroscopic technique is applicable to the low-density environment of a supersonic molecular beam and to predissociating transitions displaying low fluorescence quantum yield. In addition, we take advantage of the superior selectivity of the double-resonance method, TC-RFWM, to isolate and assign transitions in the congested region of the (one-color) DFWM spectra. The line positions of 25 well-isolated transitions are determined in the equation image band and yield the rotational constants A, B, C and the origin νe. The accuracy of the constants is determined by performing the same procedure for the equation image band where literature data is available for comparison. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.