Get access

Hydrogen bonding in the pyrimidine/ formamide system: a concentration-dependent Raman and DFT study

Authors

  • Sunil K. Srivastava,

    1. Department of Physics, University of Osnabrück, Barbarastr. 7, 49069 Osnabrück, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Sebastian Schlücker,

    1. Department of Physics, University of Osnabrück, Barbarastr. 7, 49069 Osnabrück, Germany
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Wagner A. Alves

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Rodovia BR 465/ Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil
    • Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, Rodovia BR 465/Km 7, Seropédica, RJ 23890-000, Brazil.
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

High-resolution Raman spectra of pyrimidine (PD) and formamide (FA) mixtures with different compositions recorded in the ring breathing region of PD (ν1 ∼ 991 cm−1) are presented. The dilution of PD with FA leads to the appearance of a new band at ν1′ ∼ 994 cm−1, which is assigned to hydrogen-bonded PD:FA species. From a quantitative analysis of the concentration-dependent Raman spectra, the average number of FA molecules in the first solvation sphere of PD is determined as being equal to 2. This value is supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations: a symmetric 1:2 complex is the most stable species among various hydrogen-bonded PD:FA clusters with stoichiometries ranging from 1:1 to 1:4. A qualitative explanation for the blue shift of the ν1 mode upon complexation is given. Additionally, we have observed not only similarities but also some differences with respect to the PD:water system. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary