Detection of PCR products amplified from DNA of epizootic pathogens using magnetic nanoparticles and SERS



Here we present a novel approach using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy for the sequence-specific detection of DNA utilizing magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) for the enrichment of the target molecules. To achieve fast and efficient binding of longer DNA strands, e.g. PCR products, the hybridization procedure is performed in solution. To further purify and enrich the DNA strands of interest, MNPs are used for their separation. Following the binding of the target DNA, a dye-modified, short synthetic ssDNA is hybridized, which serves as label for the SERS detection. The SERS spectra are used to identify the bound molecules. The applicability of this approach was first tested with short synthetic oligonucleotides to evaluate its specificity. Afterward, the system was applied to detect PCR products amplified from DNA of specific agents of epizootic diseases. Sequences of the bacterium Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony type (MmmSC), causing contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) were used as PCR targets. To demonstrate the multiplexing capability of SERS, the simultaneous detection of three different PCR products labeled with three dyes was performed. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.