New insights on surface-enhanced Raman scattering based on controlled aggregation and spectroscopic studies, DFT calculations and symmetry analysis for 3,6-bi-2-pyridyl-1,2,4,5-tetrazine adsorbed onto citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles
Article first published online: 7 JUL 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Raman Spectroscopy
Volume 42, Issue 4, pages 644–652, April 2011
How to Cite
de Melo, V. H. S., Zamarion, V. M., Araki, K. and Toma, H. E. (2011), New insights on surface-enhanced Raman scattering based on controlled aggregation and spectroscopic studies, DFT calculations and symmetry analysis for 3,6-bi-2-pyridyl-1,2,4,5-tetrazine adsorbed onto citrate-stabilized gold nanoparticles. J. Raman Spectrosc., 42: 644–652. doi: 10.1002/jrs.2741
- Issue published online: 19 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 7 JUL 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 MAY 2010
- Manuscript Received: 8 MAR 2010
- CNPq and Petrobras
- gold nanoparticles;
- Raman spectroscopy;
- DFT calculation
A systematic study on the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) for 3,6-bi-2-pyridyl-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (bptz) adsorbed onto citrate-modified gold nanoparticles (cit-AuNps) was carried out based on electronic and vibrational spectroscopy and density functional methods. The citrate/bptz exchange was carefully controlled by the stepwise addition of bptz to the cit-AuNps, inducing flocculation and leading to the rise of a characteristic plasmon coupling band in the visible region. Such stepwise procedure led to a uniform decrease of the citrate SERS signals and to the rise of characteristic peaks of bptz, consistent with surface binding via the N heterocyclic atoms. In contrast, single addition of a large amount of bptz promoted complete aggregation of the nanoparticles, leading to a strong enhancement of the SERS signals. In this case, from the distinct Raman profiles involved, the formation of a new SERS environment became apparent, conjugating the influence of the local hot spots and charge-transfer (CT) effects. The most strongly enhanced vibrations belong to a1 and b2 representations, and were interpreted in terms of the electromagnetic and the CT mechanisms: the latter involving significant contribution of vibronic coupling in the system. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.