• CARS;
  • nanocomposites;
  • nanopores;
  • molecular fluid;
  • phase behavior


Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy is applied to diagnostics of phase behavior of a fluid in pores of nanoporous glasses. Samples with mean pore radii of 2 and 3.5 nm were filled with compressed carbon dioxide at near-room temperatures. CARS spectra of the 1388 cm−1 Q-branch were measured at isothermal compressing in a wide pressure range including the transition from gaseous to condensed state. The spectra show specific transformations caused by fluid adsorption and condensation in nanopores. We have carried out calculations of the spectral profiles based on the phase behavior of carbon dioxide in cylindrical glass nanopores. Phase behavior modeling was performed using thermodynamic concepts of surface adsorption and capillary condensation. A good agreement between experimental spectra and calculations was obtained. The potential of CARS technique for the diagnostics of fluid phase behavior in pores and for the characterization of nanoporous host structure is discussed. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.