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Metal-nanoparticle-coating-induced enhancement and weakening of resonant Raman scattering in ZnO: effect of surface electric field

Authors

  • H. F. Liu,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore 117602, Singapore
    • Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (IMRE), A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 3 Research Link, Singapore 117602, Singapore.
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  • A. Huang,

    1. Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore 117602, Singapore
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  • S. Tripathy,

    1. Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore 117602, Singapore
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  • S. J. Chua

    1. Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore 117602, Singapore
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Abstract

Effects of Ag and Ti nanoparticle coatings on resonant Raman scattering in various ZnO thin films are presented. The longitudinal optical (LO) phonons, irrespective of the ZnO quality, exhibit an enhancement and a weakening by the Ag and Ti nanoparticle coatings, respectively. The enhancement (weakening) is always accompanied by a reduced (an increased) intensity ratio of the second to first-order LO phonons, which can be associated with changes in the electron-phonon coupling strength in the probed area of ZnO. Angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy provides evidence for the bending of the surface energy bands and their changes induced by the metal coatings. The effect of metal nanoparticle coatings on the Raman scattering of ZnO is thus attributed to the changes in the surface electric field. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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