Kinetensin (KN) and its amino acids 1–8 fragment ([des-Leu9]KN), neuromedin N (NMN), and xenopsin (XP) and its two analogs (XP-1 and XP-2) belong to the neurotensin family of peptides and are known to stimulate the growth of human tumors. In this work, we report Fourier transform-Raman and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) studies of these peptides and discuss their structures, orientation, and mode of adsorption onto a highly specific, electrochemically roughened SERS-active Ag electrode that is characterized by the formation of a 50–150 nm Ag island on its surface. We show that the investigated peptides bind preferentially to this surface by substantial electronic overlap between the metal surface and the π-orbitals of the benzene rings of the Phe, Tyr, and Trp residues, which forces them to take parallel or almost parallel orientations with respect to the surface. In addition, the –CH2–, –CNH2, and –COO- molecular fragments are involved in interactions with (binding to or in close proximity with) the Ag surface. The SERS data show that the adsorption modes in each of these cases are very similar. In addition, we show that the specific differences in the amino acid sequences do not significantly affect the orientation of the investigated peptides on the Ag substrate. This result implies that the N-termini of the neurotensin-family peptides do not influence the mode for adsorption onto the Ag substrates. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.