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Surface potential variation of gold nanoparticles by organic vapors revealed by Raman scattering of 1,4-phenylenediisocyanide


Kwan Kim, Department of Chemistry, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea.


Kuan Soo Shin, Department of Chemistry, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743, Korea.



The NC stretching frequency in the potential-dependent surface-enhanced Raman scattering spectrum of 1,4-phenylenediisocyanide (1,4-PDI) is very sensitive to the electrode potential, and much the same peak shift is observed when an Au nanoparticle with mean diameter from 16 to 90 nm attached to 1,4-PDI-adsorbed gold nanogap system is exposed solely to organic vapors. This leads us to conclude that the surface potential of Au nanoparticles should change by as much as +0.57 and −0.34 V, respectively, in the presence of CCl4 and NH3 because of their respective electron-withdrawing and electron-donating properties, regardless of the size of Au nanoparticles in the gold nanogap system. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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