This article is part of the Journal of Raman Spectroscopy special issue entitled “Raman spectroscopy in art and archaeology” edited by Juan Manuel Madariaga and Danilo Bersani.
Raman study of model glass with medieval compositions: artificial weathering and comparison with ancient samples†
Article first published online: 11 JUN 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Raman Spectroscopy
Special Issue: Raman spectroscopy in art and archaeology
Volume 43, Issue 11, pages 1817–1823, November 2012
How to Cite
de Ferri, L., Bersani, D., Colomban, Ph., Lottici, P. P., Simon, G. and Vezzalini, G. (2012), Raman study of model glass with medieval compositions: artificial weathering and comparison with ancient samples. J. Raman Spectrosc., 43: 1817–1823. doi: 10.1002/jrs.4103
- Issue published online: 21 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 11 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 APR 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 21 MAR 2012
- Manuscript Received: 20 DEC 2011
- medieval glass;
- glass ageing;
- Raman spectroscopy;
- alteration layer
Potassium-rich ash-based glass is typical of medieval glass windows used in the Central Europe since 1000 A. D.. Glasses with medieval-like composition were prepared with different amounts of K2O (15–20–25 K2O weight%) using recipes deduced from archaeometric literature. Raman data of these samples were interpreted on the basis of the Qn units model and of the polymerization index Ip and confirm a close dependence of glass depolymerization on the potassium content. Generally, K-based glasses have high alteration sensitivity to pollutants conveyed by liquid or vapour water (rain, humidity and fog). In this work, the glass alteration processes were studied in terms of structural modifications related to the glass K content. Leaching and network dissolution were investigated by attack with boiling concentrated sulfuric acid and by exposure to high temperature and high pressure bidistilled water, respectively. The weight loss and alteration layer thickness were measured. The structural changes in the glass network and the presence of neoformation crystallized products were determined through linear Raman maps on altered glass cross sections. The more the glass network structure is depolymerized, the more the surface chemical attack is facilitated. The results obtained for the model glasses are compared with those for a set of ancient K-rich glass fragments. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.