This article is part of the special issue of the Journal of Raman Spectroscopy entitled “Raman in Art and Archeology 2013” edited by Polonca Ropret and Juan Manuel Madariaga.
TLC-SERS of mauve, the first synthetic dye†
Article first published online: 24 JUN 2014
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal of Raman Spectroscopy
Special Issue: Raman in Art and Archaeology 2013
Volume 45, Issue 11-12, pages 1147–1152, November-December 2014
How to Cite
2014) TLC-SERS of mauve, the first synthetic dye, J. Raman Spectrosc., 45, pages 1147–1152, doi: 10.1002/jrs.4508., , and (
- Issue published online: 26 DEC 2014
- Article first published online: 24 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 MAY 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 31 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Received: 30 DEC 2013
- National Institute of Justice. Grant Number: 2006-DN-BX-K034
- City University Collaborative Incentive. Grant Number: 80209
- National Science Foundation. Grant Numbers: RII-9353488, CHE-0091362, CHE-0345987, ECS0217646, IMR 0526926
- National Science Foundation
- synthetic dyes;
Mauve was the first synthetic organic dyestuff to be manufactured industrially. It was synthesized in 1856 by William H. Perkin. It is composed by different molecules named mauveine A, B, B2 and C. In this study, the dye was synthesized, and its individual components were analyzed by ordinary Raman spectroscopy (both dispersive and Fourier-transform-), and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, after separation by thin-layer chromatography. Only surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) gave rise to satisfactory Raman spectra of the dye. Five different fractions were separated on the thin layer chromatography plate, and Raman and SERS measurements were carried out directly on each separated spot on the plate. As in the analysis of the raw product of the synthesis, only SERS gave high quality Raman spectra for the eluted spots. The assignment of the normal modes of mauveine was aided by performing density functional theory calculations. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.