Journal of Raman Spectroscopy

Cover image for Vol. 44 Issue 12

December 2013

Volume 44, Issue 12

Pages 1629–1794

  1. Review

    1. Top of page
    2. Review
    3. Research articles
    4. Short communications
    1. Recent advances in linear and nonlinear Raman spectroscopy. Part VII (pages 1629–1648)

      Laurence A. Nafie

      Version of Record online: 27 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4417

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A review of the current status of the field of Raman spectroscopy based on bibliometric data by area for the past 10 years, symposia presented this year at ICAVS-7 in Kobe, Japan and SCIX 2013 in Milwaukee Wisconsin, USA, and papers published in the Journal of Raman Spectroscopy during the calendar year 2012. This is part VII of an annual review of Raman spectroscopy covering the following areas: SERS, biosciences, nano-materials, nonlinear and time-resolved, resonance, art and archeology, solid-state, liquids, solutions, gasses, pharmaceuticals, forensics, high pressure, vibrational analysis, special techniques, and reviews.

  2. Research articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Review
    3. Research articles
    4. Short communications
    1. Detection of the potential tumor marker of AFP using surface-enhanced Raman scattering-based immunoassay (pages 1649–1653)

      Aijing Wang, Weidong Ruan, Wei Song, Lei Chen, Bing Zhao, Young Mee Jung and Xu Wang

      Version of Record online: 30 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4391

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      In this paper, we propose a universal, rapid, sensitive, and highly specific immunoassay system utilizing gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). This new system features a sandwich structure combining mercaptobenzoic acid-labeled immunogold nanoparticles with the antigen and the antibody atop a pre-designed substrate made of a glass slide modified with AuNPs. This SERS-based immunoassay can detect AFP concentrations as low as 100 pg/ml, which is a significant improvement on the capabilities of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. This technique provides an effective model for the detection of biomarkers in medical diagnostics, criminal investigation, and other fields.

    2. Chemistry and morphology of dried-up pollen suspension residues (pages 1654–1658)

      Bernhard G. Pummer, Heidi Bauer, Johannes Bernardi, Bertrand Chazallon, Sébastien Facq, Bernhard Lendl, Karin Whitmore and Hinrich Grothe

      Version of Record online: 7 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4395

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The aqueous extracts of pollen were dried up and compared with the full pollen grains and compared by Raman and IR spectroscopy, and by electron microscopy

    3. SERS-based detection of barcoded gold nanoparticle assemblies from within animal tissue (pages 1659–1665)

      Priyanka Dey, William Olds, Idriss Blakey, Kristofer J. Thurecht, Emad L. Izake and Peter M. Fredericks

      Version of Record online: 15 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4399

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The potential of non-invasive detection of surfaced-enhanced Raman scattering-barcoded nanoparticle assemblies as diagnostic agents has been explored by probing their detection from within animal tissue using a backscattered spatially offset Raman spectroscopy system. The tailored nanoparticle assemblies were readily detected at depths of 7-8 mm from within animal proteinaceous tissue (chicken breast) and from beneath 1-2 mm of animal tissue with high lipid content (chicken skin).

    4. Nanogaps in 2D Ag-nanocap arrays for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (pages 1666–1670)

      Yongjun Zhang, Wenting Gao, Shuo Yang, Shanshan Liu, Xiaoyu Zhao, Ming Gao, Yaxin Wang and Jinghai Yang

      Version of Record online: 19 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4390

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      When the original colloidal arrays are used as the substrate for Ag deposition, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) enhancements show the strong size-dependence behaviours. When O2-plasma etched two-dimensional polystyrene templates are used as the substrate for Ag deposition to form nanogaps, the gap sizes between adjacent Ag nanocaps from 5 to 20 nm generate even greater SERS enhancements.

    5. Au@SiO2 core/shell nanoparticle assemblage used for highly sensitive SERS-based determination of glucose and uric acid (pages 1671–1677)

      Tran Thi Bich Quyen, Wei-Nien Su, Kuan-Jung Chen, Chun-Jern Pan, John Rick, Chun-Chao Chang and Bing-Joe Hwang

      Version of Record online: 11 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4400

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Rhodamine 6G was used to evaluate the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) enhancement for the synthesized Au@SiO2 core/shell nanoparticles with various silica shell thicknesses. The SERS signal from Rhodamine 6G was found be the highest on Au@SiO2 with a silica layer of 1–2 nm. Our results show that the SERS technique is able to detect glucose and uric acid within wide concentration ranges, i.e. 20 ng/dL to 20 mg/dL (10−12–10−3 M) and 16.8 ng/dL to 2.9 mg/dL (10−11–1.72 × 10−4 M), respectively.

    6. Microstructured polymer-based substrates with broadband absorption for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (pages 1678–1681)

      Ming Yang, Qiang Wu, Jiwei Qi, Irena Drevensek-Olenik, Zhandong Chen, Yusong Pan and Jingjun Xu

      Version of Record online: 21 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4403

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      In this work, large area surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrates were fabricated by combining femtosecond laser microstructuring and soft lithography techniques. The resulting substrates exhibit strongly enhanced absorption and generate a high enhancement factor. The main advantages of our substrates are low cost, large active area and possibility for mass replication.

    7. Surface enhanced Raman scattering of molecules related to highly ordered gold cavities (pages 1682–1688)

      Zhuomin Gu, Shu Tian, Qun Zhou, Wenjuan Wei, Lili Zhao, Xiaowei Li and Junwei Zheng

      Version of Record online: 31 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4384

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A pH window for the immobilization of the 4-mercaptobenzoic acid-modified silver nanoparticles into the cetyltrimethylammonium bromide functionalized gold cavities at different pH values.

    8. Influencing factors of external fluorescence seeding enhancing stimulated Raman scattering in liquid-core optical fiber (pages 1689–1692)

      Rui Yang, Hong-lei Ma and Hai-peng Jin

      Version of Record online: 11 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4393

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      This paper reports an external fluorescence seeding technology that effectively enhances stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) while keeping Raman medium uncontaminated in liquid core optical fiber. Experimental results show that both the concentration of fluorescent dye and the seeding position have an influence on enhancement of SRS. The maximum enhancement of Stokes lines is obtained when the concentration of dye solution is optimized at ~106 mol/l and seeding position is located at the input end.

    9. The influence of divalent metal ions on low pH induced LacDNA structural changes as probed with UV resonance Raman spectroscopy (pages 1693–1699)

      Cristina M. Muntean, Mohammad Salehi, Stephan Niebling and Bernd Walkenfort

      Version of Record online: 15 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4407

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      UV (275 nm) resonance Raman spectra of LacDNA, were measured at two pH values (6.4 and 3.45) in the absence and presence of Mn2+ and Ca2+ metal ions, respectively. The UV resonance Raman signatures, spectroscopic band assignments and structural interpretations of this 22-mer duplex in different physico-chemical conditions are reported.

    10. Could marine aerosol contribute to deteriorate building materials from interior areas of lighthouses? An answer from the analytical chemistry point of view (pages 1700–1710)

      Héctor Morillas, Maite Maguregui, Olivia Gómez-Laserna, Josu Trebolazabala and Juan Manuel Madariaga

      Version of Record online: 11 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4396

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      In this work, Raman spectroscopy was used as a main analytical technique to explain the chemical reactions that take place between different type of building materials (cement mortar, joint mortars of tiles, limestones and sandstones) placed on inner rooms of the Igueldo lighthouse (San Sebastian, Basque Country, North of Spain) ground floor and different stressors surrounding this construction close to the sea.

    11. HERAS: A helium jet to prevent damage on works of art in Raman experiments (pages 1711–1717)

      José Luis Ruvalcaba-Sil, Edgar Casanova-González, Nora Ariadna Pérez-Castellanos and María Angélica García-Bucio

      Version of Record online: 21 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4402

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Raman spectroscopy is often used for non-destructive analysis of works of art, but it can cause damages on the surface being studied. A helium jet aimed directly at the laser spot may prevent this damage and help improving the Raman spectra. A pinhole collimator, coupled to a helium line and a gas mass flux control was tested on paint references and pigment samples. The use of this system allows the non-destructive application of Raman to a wider variety of materials.

    12. Raman spectroscopy of Limehouse porcelain sherds supported by Mössbauer spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (pages 1718–1732)

      W. H. Jay and J. D. Cashion

      Version of Record online: 21 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4404

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The Limehouse pot works, London, 1745, was one of the earliest porcelain works in England. Its short developmental life spawned both the Lund's Bristol factory in Bristol and the Worcester porcelain factory which continued for 250 years. We have used Raman spectroscopy, SEM and Mössbauer spectroscopy to examine recovered sherds and identify the different body precursors and glazes trialled, as well as the firing conditions. This work enables attribution of certain unmarked early porcelain wares to Limehouse, Lund's Bristol or to Worcester.

    13. In situ diagnostics of catalytic materials using tunable confocal Raman spectroscopy (pages 1733–1738)

      David Nitsche and Christian Hess

      Version of Record online: 16 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4383

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The potential of Raman spectroscopy for characterization of catalytic materials using tunable laser excitation is demonstrated. As illustrated for dispersed vanadium oxide, in situ Raman spectra recorded at 217.5 nm and 280 nm allow for targeted use of resonance enhancement as a tool to significantly increase the sensitivity of the method.

    14. Rapid prediction of fatty acid composition of vegetable oil by Raman spectroscopy coupled with least squares support vector machines (pages 1739–1745)

      Wei Dong, Yingqiang Zhang, Bing Zhang and Xiaoping Wang

      Version of Record online: 22 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4386

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Raman spectroscopy based on LS-SVM for predicting the fatty acid composition of vegetable oil is investigated. Predictions of oleic acid, linoleic acid and α-linolenic acid show very high accuracies. This method can be applied for on-site detection of oil products.

    15. Noninvasive monitoring of photocatalytic degradation of X-ray contrast media using Raman spectrometry (pages 1746–1752)

      Sabina Salkic, Logan H. Eckler and Matthew J. Nee

      Version of Record online: 20 SEP 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4389

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A simple, fast, and noninvasive approach is demonstrated to monitor photocatalytic degradation mechanisms using Raman spectrometry. Two iodinated X-ray contrast agents are studied as example systems. Changes to spectra are interpreted through quantum chemical calculations to reveal changes in structure during degradation of target compounds.

    16. Use of micro-Raman spectrometry coupled with scanning electron microscopy to determine the chemical form of uranium compounds in micrometer-size particles (pages 1753–1759)

      F. Pointurier and O. Marie

      Version of Record online: 16 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4392

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Micro-Raman spectroscopy coupled with scanning electron microscopy has been used for the first time to analyze micrometer-size particles of various uranium oxides [UO2, U3O8, UO3,and UO4 · 4(H2O)] deposited on carbon disks. Despite a loss of signal-to-noise ratio of an order of magnitude with regard to the stand-alone micro-Raman spectroscopy, all uranium oxides are successfully identified in particles by in-scanning electron microscopy Raman analysis. Moreover, particles as small as 1 µm can be analyzed.

    17. Quantitative analysis of hydrogen in amorphous silicon using Raman scattering spectroscopy (pages 1760–1764)

      V. A. Volodin and D. I. Koshelev

      Version of Record online: 16 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4408

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      We have experimentally found ratios of Raman scattering cross-sections for Si–H to Si–Si bonds and for Si–H2 to Si–Si bonds for a-Si:H films. It allows to measure concentration of hydrogen from the analysis of Raman intensities of Si and Si–H peaks (figure).

    18. Infrared and Raman spectroscopic studies of the charge localization in one-dimensional organic metals (DMtTTF)2X (X = ReO4, ClO4) with regular organic stacks (pages 1765–1776)

      Damian Jankowski, Roman Świetlik, Olivier Jeannin, Ali Assaf, Eric W. Reinheimer and Marc Fourmigué

      Version of Record online: 13 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4405

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Charge order proved innocent for the metal-insulator transition observed in the nondimerized one-dimensional organic conductors (DMtTTF)2X (X = ClO4, ReO4), as demonstrated from combined infrared and Raman spectroscopic investigations on single crystals.

    19. Raman study of a photochromic diarylethene molecule: a combined theoretical and experimental study (pages 1777–1785)

      R. Boubekri, R. Yasukuni, S. Lau Truong, J. Grand, A. Perrier, J. Aubard and F. Maurel

      Version of Record online: 14 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4406

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      We have investigated the photochromic reaction of 1,2-bis(5′-ethoxy-2′-(2′′-pyridyl) thiazolyl) diarylethene compound using various Raman spectroscopies. This work highlights the potential of these Raman spectroscopies [near-infrared Fourier transform (NIR-FT), spontaneous Raman, resonance Raman, and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)] associated with density functional theory calculations to distinguish between open (OF) and closed (CF) forms of diarylethene molecules.

    20. Experimental determination of vibrational anharmonic contributions (pages 1786–1788)

      Boris A. Kolesov

      Version of Record online: 6 NOV 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4409

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      A novel method for the determination of separate anharmonic terms involving the anharmonicity of zero-point motion and phonon itself and thus an estimation of unrenormalized phonon energy can be used to obtain anharmonic contributions for any vibrational mode, any types of chemical bonds (van der Waals, hydrogen, ionic, and covalent bonds), and any types of vibrational motion (translations, librations, bendings, and stretchings).

  3. Short communications

    1. Top of page
    2. Review
    3. Research articles
    4. Short communications
    1. Simple and inexpensive instrument for deep-UV Raman spectroscopy (pages 1789–1791)

      M. A. Troyanova-Wood, G. I. Petrov and V. V. Yakovlev

      Version of Record online: 11 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4394

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Deep-UV Raman spectroscopy is a powerful way to collect chemically specific information about complex samples. The availability of inexpensive and reliable light sources in the spectral region below 250 nm has been always considered a major bottleneck problem on the way of a widespread of this powerful spectroscopic technique. We report on the efficient fourth-harmonic generation of a low-power microchip Nd:YAG laser operating at 946 nm. High-quality deep-UV Raman spectra were collected using a newly developed laser source.

    2. Using resonance Raman cross-section data to estimate the spin-state populations of cytochromes P450 (pages 1792–1794)

      Piotr J. Mak, Qianhong Zhu and James R. Kincaid

      Version of Record online: 11 OCT 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/jrs.4401

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The cytochromes P450 are monooxygenases important in the elimination of xenobiotics and in the biosynthesis of essential steroid products. Substrate binding initiates the enzymatic cycle, converting ferric low-spin to high-spin state. Here, the methodology is developed to permit resonance Raman spectroscopy to be effective in gaining this information. This method is shown to permit a reliable calculation of relative populations of the two spin states from spectra of several other cytochromes P450, an indication of its promise for general usage.