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Antioxidant efficiency of oregano during frying and storage of potato chips

Authors

  • Dimitra P Houhoula,

    1. Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, GR-15780 Athens, Greece
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  • Vassiliki Oreopoulou,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, GR-15780 Athens, Greece
    • Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, GR-15780 Athens, Greece
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  • Constantina Tzia

    1. Laboratory of Food Chemistry and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, GR-15780 Athens, Greece
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Abstract

The effect of oregano on the oxidative stability of cottonseed oil during frying of potato chips and on the storage stability of the produced chips was studied. The ground spice or an ethanol-derived extract thereof was added to the oil at a concentration of 2 g l−1 (dry basis) before frying. The results showed that both ground oregano and its ethanol-derived extract decreased the rates of accumulation of conjugated dienes, polar compounds, polymerised triglycerides, dimeric triglycerides as well as p-anisidine value (p-AV) of the frying oil. The major decrease was observed in the accumulation of polymerised and dimeric triglycerides. The accumulation of oxidised triglycerides showed a low decrease with the addition of oregano, while the hydrolytic compounds formed during frying were not affected. No significant difference (at 95% significance level) between ground oregano and its ethanol-derived extract was observed. The storage stability of potato chips removed from the fryer at various time intervals was estimated by the rates of increase in peroxide value and conjugated dienes of the oil absorbed in the chips. Both rates were depressed when oregano was added to the frying oil; the protective action of oregano extract was considerably greater (at 95% significance level) than that of ground oregano. Copyright © 2003 Society of Chemical Industry

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