• Hibiscus sabdariffa L;
  • antioxidation;
  • anti-hyperlipidaemia;
  • triglyceride;
  • high-fructose diet;
  • high-cholesterol diet


Hibiscus sabdariffa L extract (HSE) is an aqueous extract of Hibiscus sabdariffa L flowers that is used as a local soft drink and medical herb in Taiwan. Oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has been shown to increase the incidence of atherosclerosis. In this study, we determined the antioxidative activity of HSE on LDL oxidation by examining relative electrophoretic mobilities (REM) and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS). The data revealed an inhibitory effect of HSE on Cu2+-mediated REM and TBARS. HSE exhibited a remarkable ability to reduce cholesterol degradation and ApoB fragmentation. Overall, HSE showed a high potency to inhibit the production of oxidized LDL induced by copper and, specifically, to reduce serum triglycerides in high-fructose diet (HFD) fed rats and serum cholesterol in high-cholesterol diet (HCD) fed animals. The levels of LDL and the ratio of LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) to HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) were reduced by HSE in both hyperlipidaemia models. Based on these findings, we suggest that HSE may be used to inhibit LDL oxidation and to prevent various types of hyperlipidaemia in HFD- or HCD-fed rats. Copyright © 2004 Society of Chemical Industry