Effect of duration of the Montanera diet on the hydrocarbon fraction of intramuscular lipids from Iberian dry-cured ham; characterization by gas chromatography

Authors

  • María J Petrón,

    Corresponding author
    1. Food Technology and Biochemistry, Escuela de Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Extremadura, Carretera de Cáceres s/n, 06071 Badajoz, Spain
    • Food Technology and Biochemistry, Escuela de Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Extremadura, Carretera de Cáceres s/n, 06071 Badajoz, Spain
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  • Elena Muriel,

    1. Food Technology and Biochemistry, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Extremadura, Av. Universidad s/n, 10071 Cáceres, Spain
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  • Juan F Tejeda,

    1. Food Technology and Biochemistry, Escuela de Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Extremadura, Carretera de Cáceres s/n, 06071 Badajoz, Spain
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  • Jesús Ventanas,

    1. Food Technology and Biochemistry, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Extremadura, Av. Universidad s/n, 10071 Cáceres, Spain
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  • Teresa Antequera

    1. Food Technology and Biochemistry, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Extremadura, Av. Universidad s/n, 10071 Cáceres, Spain
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Abstract

The characterization and differentiation of Iberian hams was studied as a function of the diet received by animals during the fattening period using a method based on hydrocarbon analysis. Thirty-one hams were divided into three groups according to fattening diet (1, ‘Concentrate Feed’, fed on an intensive system with concentrates; 2, ‘Short Montanera’, fed on an extensive system with acorns and pasture for 50 days; and 3, ‘Long Montanera’, fed on an extensive system for 75 days). Saturated hydrocarbons in the n-C14 to n-C32 range and a large number of branched hydrocarbons were identified in the intramuscular fat of the three groups studied. The diet of the pigs during the fattening period did not affect the n-alkane and n-alkene content. The analysis of branched hydrocarbons revealed some significant differences relative to the type of diet. The ‘Concentrate Feed’ group had different concentrations of 2-butyl-1,1,3-trimethylcyclohexane (P < 0.01), 3-octadecene (P < 0.001), branched hydrocarbon 4 (P < 0.01) and neophytadiene (P < 0.001) than the ‘Montanera’ group. Copyright © 2006 Society of Chemical Industry

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