Chemical composition of unripe (green) and ripe plantain (musa paradisiaca)



The proximate chemical composition, the carbohydrate constituents and the amino acid make-up of green and ripe plantain were determined. The quantity of total sugars considerably increased during ripening from 3.0 to 31.6% in the peel and from 1.3 to 17.3% in the pulp while starch concentration decreased from 50 to 35% and from 83 to 66% in the skin and the pulp, respectively. The skin was richer in cellulose (10%) and hemicellulose (13%) than the pulp which had 1.4% cellulose and 1.3% hemicellulose. The pulp protein was abundantly rich in arginine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid. Methionine was present in the lowest amount with tryptophan and cystine conspicuously being absent.