Should we use laparoscopic adrenalectomy for metastases? Scandinavian multicenter study

Authors


Abstract

Introduction

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for metastases is considered controversial. Multicenter retrospective study was performed to gain new knowledge in this issue.

Materials and Methods

From January 1997 till November 2008, 41 adrenalectomies were performed during follow-up of the patients operated for malignant tumors. The median age was 64 (52–77) years. Metastases were confirmed in 31/41 cases. Metastatic lesions were further studied and to define factors influencing on survival, patients were divided to sub-groups of metachronous/synchronous, tumor origin and tumor size.

Results

The median operative time was 104 (50–230) min, the median blood loss was 100 (0–500) ml. One procedure (3.2%) was converted. There were 3 (10.7%) intraoperative and 2 (7.4%) postoperative complications. The median tumor size was 6 (1.5–16) cm. Pathohistological analysis revealed 12 colorectal, 9 renal cell carcinoma, 5 lung carcinoma, 4 melanoma, and 1 hepatocellular metastases. The resection margin was not free in one case (3.7%). The median hospital stay was 2 (1–21) days. The median length of survival was 29 ± 2.1 months for all patients.

Conclusion

Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for metastases is feasible regardless of their sizes. However these procedures should be performed by highly skilled laparoscopic surgeon in a fully equipped operating room and with a coordinated operation team. J. Surg. Oncol. 2009;100:43–47. © 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Ancillary