Get access

The Pivotal Role of the lymphovascular system in cancer metastasis: Future perspectives

Authors

  • Stanley P.L. Leong MD, FACS,

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Melanoma Research and Treatment and Department of Surgery, California Pacific Medical Center and Research Institute, San Francisco, California
    • Chief of Cutaneous Oncology, Associate Director of the Melanoma Program, Center for Melanoma Research and Treatment, California Pacific Medical Center and Sutter Pacific Medical Foundation, Senior Scientist, California Pacific Medical Center Research Institute, 2340 Clay Street, 2nd Floor, San Francisco, CA 94115. Fax: 415-600-3865.
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Marlys Witte MD

    1. Department of Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona
    Search for more papers by this author
    • Professor of Surgery and Director, Student Research Programs.


Abstract

Nodal status is the most important predictor in patients with solid cancer. In general, sentinel lymph node is the gateway to regional nodal metastasis and beyond. Biomarkers and gene profiles are being developed to stage and subgroup cancer patients more accurately for more effective personalized therapy. J. Surg. Oncol. 2011;103:639–641. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Ancillary