SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • adrenal metastasis;
  • laparoscopic adrenalectomy;
  • survival curves;
  • adrenal FNA

Abstract

Background

In the management of adrenal lesions in oncological patients, many issues are still controversial: morphological signs of suspected malignancy, accuracy of imaging examinations, use of fine needle aspiration (FNA), and the role of laparoscopy. The present study attempts to address these questions through the evaluation of the management of adrenal metastases (AM) in a wide cohort of patients included in the Italian Register of Endoscopic Adrenal Surgery.

Methods

In January 2009, all patients recorded on the Register were evaluated, on the basis of CT scan, MRI, and FNA. The diagnostic, surgical, and follow-up data of 95 patients with pre-operative AM diagnosis have been reviewed. On the basis of the fulfilled criteria three patterns were identified: “diagnostic”, “suspect,” and “non-diagnostic.”

Results

CT scan sensitivity was 41.5%/77.9% and specificity was 54.5%/90.9% for “diagnostic”/“diagnostic” + “suspect” examinations, respectively. MRI sensitivity was 15.7%/78.9% and specificity was non-determinate/83.3% for “diagnostic”/“diagnostic” + “suspect” exams, respectively. Sensitivity of FNA was 33.3%. About surgery, conversions rate was 16.6%; no mortality or re-operations were reported; complications rate was 10.7%; and no relation was noted between tumor size and surgical outcome. Mean survival was 32 months; 5-year survival was 23%, independent of AM size; survival for lung AM was similar to that of breast and kidney AM.

Conclusions

Laparoscopy for AM, in expert hand, seems to be a feasible and oncologically safe approach. Due to the unsatisfactory diagnostic accuracy for AM, every oncological patient with suspect adrenal lesions should be encouraged to undergo this surgical procedure. J. Surg. Oncol. 2011; 103:400–405. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.