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Keywords:

  • peritoneal carcinomatosis;
  • positive cytological findings in peritoneal washings;
  • pharmacokinetics;
  • cytology

Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to examine the safety, pharmacokinetics, and cytological efficacy against free intraperitoneal cancer cells of intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC) with paclitaxel after gastrectomy with en-bloc D2 lymph node dissection (GD2) in cases of gastric cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) and/or positive cytological findings in peritoneal washings (CFPW).

Methods

Twenty-one patients with gastric cancer with PC and/or positive CFPW who underwent GD2 were treated with early, post-operative, intraperitoneal paclitaxel. Intra-chemotherapeutic toxicity and operative complication were measured using the common toxicity criteria of the National Cancer Institute, version 3.0. Intraperitoneal and plasma paclitaxel concentrations were measured using a high-performance liquid chromatography assay.

Results

Grade 3 anemia occurred in two patients (9.5%) and neutropenia was observed in three patients (14.3%). No grade 4 toxicity was observed. A grade 2 operative complication was a superficial surgical site infection (4.8%) that was treated with antibiotics. Cytologically, no viable cancer cells were observed in the intra-abdominal fluid 24 hr after intraperitoneal administration of paclitaxel. The intraperitoneal/plasma area under the drug concentration–time curve (AUC) ratio was 596.9:1.

Conclusion

IPC with paclitaxel after GD2 is a safe and cytologically effective treatment modality for free intraperitoneal cancer cells. However, additional data are required to determine the effect on survival. J. Surg. Oncol. 2012; 105:43–47. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.