• colon cancer;
  • infectious prophylaxis


A controlled study of short-term prophylaxis with cefuroxime was performed on a group of 52 patients with colorectal neoplasms who underwent elective surgery. The patients were divided into two groups, A and B. Group A received the antibiotic immediately before surgery, intraincisionally and immediately after the end of operation; group B was treated only postoperatively. Each patient received a total of 5,250 mg of cefuroxime. Wound sepsis was demonstrated in 11.5% of cases of group A and 23.0% of group B (P < 0.01); another type of sepsis was observed in 34% of group A and 11.5% of group B (P < 0.001). There was no difference in the operative mortality in the two groups.