Many of present day's complex analyses and challenging analytical tasks demand highly selective detection techniques for GC. Universal nitrogen/sulfur chemiluminescence detection is one of the most powerful analytical tools for gas chromatographic analysis. Its strength stems from the unique and beneficial characteristics of high selectivity, sensitivity, and equimolarity. The nitrogen/sulfur chemiluminescence detection technology has provided analytical solutions unsurpassed by any other techniques to a broad range of applications in petroleum characterization, food/beverage flavor analysis, and environmental monitoring. This paper presents a general review of this unique technology, including a brief description of operating principles, an overview of detector performance, practical discussions on instrument operation, and a sizable list of applications.