Risk and resilience factors for posttraumatic stress symptomatology in Gulf War I veterans

Authors

  • Dawne S. Vogt,

    Corresponding author
    1. Women's Health Sciences Division, National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System and Division of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA
    • National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (116B-5), 150 South Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130
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  • Lynlee R. Tanner

    1. Women's Health Sciences Division, National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA
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    • Lynlee Tanner is now at the Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles


Abstract

What factors distinguish war-exposed veterans who experience posttraumatic stress symptomatology (PTSS) from those who do not? This study used structural equation modeling procedures to examine the complex interplay among predeployment, war-zone, and postdeployment factors as they relate to PTSS in a sample of Gulf War I veterans. A primary goal was to determine to what extent previously documented associations among Vietnam veterans would replicate in this more contemporary veteran cohort. Results supported a multivariate etiological perspective on PTSS, with war-zone factors accounting for the largest proportion of variance in PTSS. The majority of hypothesized associations held, suggesting that the mechanisms underlying PTSS may be similar across veteran cohorts.

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