Circumstances of service and gender differences in war-related PTSD: Findings from the National Vietnam Veteran Readjustment Study
Article first published online: 22 AUG 2007
Copyright © 2007 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Special Issue: Highlights of ISTSS 2006 Annual Meeting
Volume 20, Issue 4, pages 643–649, August 2007
How to Cite
Turner, J. B., Turse, N. A. and Dohrenwend, B. P. (2007), Circumstances of service and gender differences in war-related PTSD: Findings from the National Vietnam Veteran Readjustment Study. J. Traum. Stress, 20: 643–649. doi: 10.1002/jts.20245
- Issue published online: 22 AUG 2007
- Article first published online: 22 AUG 2007
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Number: MH59309
- Spunk Fund, Inc.
Data from the National Vietnam Veteran Readjustment Study (NVVRS) revealed a prevalence of current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in female Vietnam Theater veterans half the size of the prevalence in their male counterparts. This stands in contrast to the elevated prevalence of PTSD in women obtained in general population surveys. This study undertakes further analyses of gender differences in the NVVRS and how these differences might be specified by the amount and type of exposure to war-zone stress. The findings indicate that male elevations in PTSD are limited to men who served under circumstances of high probable severity of war-zone stress exposure. When prewar demographic differences are controlled, male veterans in low-exposure circumstances display a level of PTSD prevalence substantially lower than female veterans.