A community-based survey of posttraumatic stress disorder in the Netherlands


  • The authors wish to thank TNS NIPO and especially Ralitza ILieva for data collection and data entry. Furthermore, we would like to acknowledge Anne Bakker, Janneke Hatzmann, and Sjoerd Lagarde for their support with preparation of the manuscript. A special thanks to Miranda Olff and Giel-Jan de Vries for their advice and expertise. This manuscript was produced in close collaboration with the Centre for Psychological Trauma, Academic Medical Centre/De Meren, Department of Psychiatry, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.


In this study, the lifetime prevalence of stressful events and current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the general adult population in the Netherlands were examined, and risk groups for PTSD were determined. A representative sample of 2,238 adults (≥18 years) in the Netherlands completed digital questionnaires by computer-assisted self-interviewing. In total, 52.2% of the population reported at least one stressful event throughout their life. The estimated prevalence of current PTSD in the total population was 3.8%. Rape and physical assault were the stressful events most likely to be associated with PTSD, witness of injury the least likely. Stressful medical events were moderately associated with PTSD. Prevalence of PTSD was elevated among single women and middle-aged men.