This study was supported, in part, by a CDC contract (U49 CE001248) with Dr. Feldner.
Test of the role of nicotine dependence in the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder and panic spectrum problems†
Article first published online: 28 JAN 2009
Copyright © 2009 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 22, Issue 1, pages 36–44, February 2009
How to Cite
Feldner, M. T., Smith, R. C., Babson, K. A., Sachs-Ericsson, N., Schmidt, N. B. and Zvolensky, M. J. (2009), Test of the role of nicotine dependence in the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder and panic spectrum problems. J. Traum. Stress, 22: 36–44. doi: 10.1002/jts.20384
- Issue published online: 20 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 28 JAN 2009
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently co-occurs with panic spectrum problems. Relatively little empirical work has tested possible mechanisms accounting for this association. Nicotine dependence often ensues subsequent to PTSD onset and research suggests smoking high numbers of cigarettes daily may lead to panic problems. The current study tested the hypotheses that nicotine dependence partially mediates the relations between PTSD and both panic attacks and panic disorder within a nationally representative sample of 5,692 (3,020 women; MAge = 45, SD = 18) adults from the National Comorbidity Survey–Replication. Results were consistent with hypotheses. These findings support the theory suggesting smoking among people with PTSD may be involved in the development of panic problems.