This study was supported by the Department of Defense (DoD), Women's Defense Health Research Program, and was administered by the U.S. Army Medical Research and Material Command (MIPR 96MM6746, PI: Jessica Wolfe), and by the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA), Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development (IIR 04-420-2; PI: Jillian Shipherd). The views, opinions and/or findings contained in this report are the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the DVA, nor should they be construed as an official position, policy, or decision of the DoD, Department of the Army, or U.S. Marine Corps unless so designated by other documentation.
Sexual harassment in the Marines, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and perceived health: Evidence for sex differences†
Article first published online: 28 JAN 2009
Copyright © 2009 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 22, Issue 1, pages 3–10, February 2009
How to Cite
Shipherd, J. C., Pineles, S. L., Gradus, J. L. and Resick, P. A. (2009), Sexual harassment in the Marines, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and perceived health: Evidence for sex differences. J. Traum. Stress, 22: 3–10. doi: 10.1002/jts.20386
- Issue published online: 20 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 28 JAN 2009
Sex differences and pretrauma functioning have been understudied in examinations of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS) and health. This study examined relationships between sexual harassment and assault in the military (MST), PSS, and perceived physical health when accounting for pre-MST PSS, pre-MST health, and current depression. Relationships were examined separately in 226 female and 91 male Marines endorsing recent MST (past 6 months). MST predicted increased PSS for women and especially men. For men, higher levels of MST were associated with worse perceived physical health, whereas for women, lower levels of MST were associated with worse perceived health. For men with MST, there was some evidence for the association being partially mediated by PSS, but no mediation was found in women.