This work was supported by a grant from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (#R40 MC 00138).
Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in parents of injured children†
Article first published online: 27 JUL 2009
Copyright © 2009 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 22, Issue 4, pages 294–302, August 2009
How to Cite
Kassam-Adams, N., Fleisher, C. L. and Winston, F. K. (2009), Acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in parents of injured children. J. Traum. Stress, 22: 294–302. doi: 10.1002/jts.20424
- Issue published online: 12 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 27 JUL 2009
Acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were examined in 334 parents of children with traffic-related injuries. In the first month after their child's injury, 12% of parents had ASD and another 25% had partial ASD. Among 251 parents assessed again approximately 6 months postinjury, 8% had PTSD and another 7% had partial PTSD. The ASD and PTSD severity were associated (r = .54), but ASD status was not a sensitive predictor of later PTSD. Independent predictors of ASD severity included prior trauma exposure, peritrauma exposure and perceptions of the child's pain and life threat, and child ASD severity. Independent predictors of PTSD severity included prior trauma exposure, parent ASD severity, and parent-rated child physical health at follow-up.