The research described here was supported, in part, by grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R03 DA17668; K23 DA019561; T32 DA019426; R25 DA020515; F31 DA021457).
Testing posttraumatic stress as a mediator of physical, sexual, and psychological intimate partner violence and substance problems among women†
Article first published online: 3 DEC 2009
Copyright © 2009 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Special Issue: Special Section: Innovations in Trauma Research Methods, 2008
Volume 22, Issue 6, pages 575–584, December 2009
How to Cite
Sullivan, T. P., Cavanaugh, C. E., Buckner, J. D. and Edmondson, D. (2009), Testing posttraumatic stress as a mediator of physical, sexual, and psychological intimate partner violence and substance problems among women. J. Traum. Stress, 22: 575–584. doi: 10.1002/jts.20474
- Issue published online: 21 DEC 2009
- Article first published online: 3 DEC 2009
This study examined whether posttraumatic stress specifically resulting from intimate partner violence (IPV-related posttraumatic stress) mediated relationships between types of IPV and drug and alcohol problems among 212 women currently experiencing IPV. Six-month prevalence was high for drug use (48%) and alcohol use (59%). Structural equation modeling revealed that the frequency of physical, sexual, and psychological IPV were significantly and positively related to greater IPV-related posttraumatic stress, and IPV-related posttraumatic stress was significantly and positively related to drug problems. Further, IPV-related posttraumatic stress mediated the relationships between physical IPV and drug problems and psychological IPV and drug problems. Findings suggest that prevention and intervention efforts targeting posttraumatic stress among IPV-exposed women may reduce drug problems in this population.