This project was funded by Supplemental Grants Numbers R01 MH 72590 S1 and R01 MH 072591 S1 from the National Institute of Mental Health, Grants Numbers SM 54319 and SM 57283 from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, and a grant from the Sisters of Mercy of New Orleans. We thank Teague Ruder for help with analysis, and Sheryl Kataoka, Stacy Overstreet, and Anita Chandra for helpful comments on this manuscript.
Children's mental health care following Hurricane Katrina: A field trial of trauma-focused psychotherapies†
Version of Record online: 31 MAR 2010
Copyright © 2010 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 23, Issue 2, pages 223–231, April 2010
How to Cite
Jaycox, L. H., Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., Walker, D. W., Langley, A. K., Gegenheimer, K. L., Scott, M. and Schonlau, M. (2010), Children's mental health care following Hurricane Katrina: A field trial of trauma-focused psychotherapies. J. Traum. Stress, 23: 223–231. doi: 10.1002/jts.20518
- Issue online: 19 APR 2010
- Version of Record online: 31 MAR 2010
New Orleans school children participated in an assessment and field trial of two interventions 15 months after Hurricane Katrina. Children (N = 195) reported on hurricane exposure, lifetime trauma exposure, peer and parent support, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive symptoms. Teachers reported on behavior. At baseline, 60.5% screened positive for PTSD symptoms and were offered a group intervention at school or individual treatment at a mental health clinic. Uptake of the mental health care was uneven across intervention groups, with 98% beginning the school intervention, compared to 37% beginning at the clinic. Both treatments led to significant symptom reduction of PTSD symptoms, but many still had elevated PTSD symptoms at posttreatment. Implications for future postdisaster mental health work are discussed.