Do adolescents know when they need help in the aftermath of war?

Authors

  • Miriam Schiff,

    1. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Current affiliation:
    1. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Paul Baerwald School of Social Work and Social Welfare
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  • Ruth Pat-Horenczyk,

    Corresponding author
    1. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and The Israel Center for the Treatment of Psychotrauma
    Current affiliation:
    1. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Paul Baerwald School of Social Work and Social Welfare, The Israel Center for the Treatment of Psychotrauma
    • 59 Shmaryahu Levin Street, Jerusalem 3900, Israel
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  • Rami Benbenishty,

    1. Bar Ilan University
    Current affiliation:
    1. Bar Ilan University, The Louis and Gabi Weisfeld School of Social Work
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  • Danny Brom,

    1. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and The Israel Center for the Treatment of Psychotrauma
    Current affiliation:
    1. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Paul Baerwald School of Social Work and Social Welfare, The Israel Center for the Treatment of Psychotrauma
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  • Naomi Baum,

    1. The Israel Center for the Treatment of Psychotrauma
    Current affiliation:
    1. The Israel Center for the Treatment of Psychotrauma
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  • Ron Avi Astor

    1. University of Southern California
    Current affiliation:
    1. University of Southern California (USC), School of Social Work and Education
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  • We are grateful to the Israel Trauma Coalition for funding this research. We thank Prof. Moshe Tatar for his helpful comments and to Dr. Renee Rabinowitz, Joanna Johnson, and Atoosa Khodabakhsh for their careful editing.

Abstract

This study examined Israeli Arab and Jewish students' reports on needing help, a year after the Second Lebanon War and whether students' requests for support were associated with posttraumatic distress. The representative sample included 1,800 Jewish and 2,351 Arab students, grades 7–11. The questionnaires included items regarding (a) exposure to wartime events and other negative life events, (b) measures of posttraumatic stress disorder, and (c) needing help. The results showed that about 30% of the students reported needing help from any source (e.g., parents, peers) in the aftermath of the war. Arab students were more likely to report needing help than Jewish students. The students who reported needing help experienced higher levels of posttraumatic symptoms.

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