Exposure to traumatic events among treatment-seeking, alcohol-dependent women and men without PTSD

Authors

  • Candace S. Johnson,

    1. University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
    Current affiliation:
    1. Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jaimee L. Heffner,

    1. University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
    Current affiliation:
    1. Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Thomas J. Blom,

    1. University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
    Current affiliation:
    1. Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Robert M. Anthenelli

    Corresponding author
    1. University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Cincinnati Veterans Affairs Medical Center
    Current affiliation:
    1. Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and Substance Dependence Program, Cincinnati Veterans Affairs Medical Center
    • Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center, University of Cincinnati, Reading Campus, 2120 E. Galbraith Rd., Bldg. A, Cincinnati, OH 45237
    Search for more papers by this author

  • This study was supported by NIAAA grants #AA013307, AA013957, AA013957-03S1, NIDA/VA CSP #1022, and the Department of Veterans Affairs. Dr. Anthenelli provides consultancy, advisory, and/or speakers bureau services to Pfizer. The Tri-State Tobacco and Alcohol Research Center also receives research support from Lilly, Nabi Biopharmaceuticals, and Pfizer.

    The authors would like to thank Reene Cantwell, Kerri Dawson-Earles, BS, Rebecca Kramer, BA, Stephanie Nolting, Med, Patricia Shay, and Deonna Suggs, BA, for their assistance on this project. We are also deeply appreciative of the support provided by First Step Home, Talbert House-Pathways for Women Program, Transitions Women's Recovery Addiction Program, The Crossroads Center, Center for Chemical Addictions Treatment and the Cincinnati Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Abstract

The authors examined lifetime exposure to a range of traumatic events in 106 abstinent, treatment-engaged (85% residential; 15% outpatient), alcohol-dependent women (n = 53) and men without current or lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder. Alcohol-dependent women reported greater severity of childhood trauma, but similar lifetime exposure to traumatic events compared with men. Alcohol-dependent women without cocaine abuse or TB (n = 10) reported greater severity of childhood trauma than women with (n = 43), and men with (n = 21) or without (n = 32) cocaine abuse or dependence. Results extend previously observed gender differences in trauma histories among alcohol-dependent adults and point to potential gender- and substance-specific drug coaddiction effects that may have been influenced by trauma exposure.

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

original image
original image

Ancillary