This article was edited by the journal's previous editor, Paula Schnurr.
Self-worth mediates the effects of violent loss on PTSD symptoms†
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2011 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 24, Issue 1, pages 116–120, February 2011
How to Cite
Mancini, A. D., Prati, G. and Black, S. (2011), Self-worth mediates the effects of violent loss on PTSD symptoms. J. Traum. Stress, 24: 116–120. doi: 10.1002/jts.20597
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2011
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
Although research has confirmed that violent losses can exacerbate grief reactions, few investigations have explored underlying mechanisms. In this study, the authors used a dataset on bereaved spouses and bereaved parents at 4- and 18-months postloss to examine the mediating effects of self-worth and worldviews (benevolence and meaningfulness beliefs). Persons bereaved by violent causes had significantly more posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), grief, and depression symptoms at 4- and 18-months postloss than persons bereaved by natural causes. Moreover, self-worth but not worldviews mediated the effects of violent loss on PTSD and depression symptoms cross sectionally and PTSD symptoms longitudinally. Findings underscore that self-views are a critical component of problematic reactions to violent loss, but fail to support the role of “shattered” worldviews.