Department of Neurology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany
Using international emotional picture sets in countries suffering from violence†
Article first published online: 4 MAR 2011
Copyright © 2011 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 24, Issue 2, pages 239–242, April 2011
How to Cite
Okon-Singer, H., Kofman, O., Tzelgov, J. and Henik, A. (2011), Using international emotional picture sets in countries suffering from violence. J. Traum. Stress, 24: 239–242. doi: 10.1002/jts.20600
We would like to thank Prof. David Watson for helpful comments on a previous version of this manuscript.
- Issue published online: 8 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 4 MAR 2011
It is hypothesized that ratings of emotional stimuli are affected by a constant threat of traumatic events. Ratings of valence and arousal on the International Affective Picture System from young adults in the United States were compared to those of young Israeli adults. Israelis rated the pictures as less negative and less positive than did participants from the United States. Israeli women gave higher arousal ratings compared to the American women. These differences may be due to compulsory military service in Israel, during which exposure to traumatic events is more likely to occur, and to the timing of the study which followed a year of frequent suicide bomb attacks. The authors suggest that these findings may reflect mild symptoms of stress disorders.