The authors wish to express their gratitude to Esber Melhem, Bushra Al-Zuhairi, Fayhaa Al-Zuhairi, and Yuhana Nashmi for their assistance in collecting the data reported in this article.
The familial influence of loss and trauma on refugee mental health: A multilevel path analysis†
Article first published online: 25 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2011 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 24, Issue 1, pages 25–33, February 2011
How to Cite
Nickerson, A., Bryant, R. A., Brooks, R., Steel, Z., Silove, D. and Chen, J. (2011), The familial influence of loss and trauma on refugee mental health: A multilevel path analysis. J. Traum. Stress, 24: 25–33. doi: 10.1002/jts.20608
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2011
- Article first published online: 25 JAN 2011
Although the impact of human rights violations on the mental health of refugees has been well documented, little is known about these effects at a family level. In this study the authors examined the relationships among loss, trauma, and mental health at the individual and family levels in resettled Mandaean refugees (N = 315). Trauma, loss, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, complicated grief, and mental health-related quality of life were assessed. A multilevel path analysis revealed that loss and trauma significantly impacted on psychological outcomes at both the individual and family levels. Effect sizes ranged from .21 to .68 at the individual level, and .38 to .99 at the family level, highlighting the importance of the family when considering the psychological impact of refugee-related trauma.