This study examined the impact of exposure to traumatizing events in an ethnic minority group of Bedouin members of the Israel Defense Forces (N = 317). Guided by the conservation of resources (COR) theory (Hobfoll, 1988), the authors hypothesized that loss of resources would mediate the relationship between trauma and posttraumatic responses. We found that loss of personal resources (e.g., self-esteem, self-mastery) was the best predictor of psychological distress among traumatized Bedouin servicemen. Our findings suggest the significance of personal resources within collectivist communities in coping with trauma and maintaining resilience. This study contributes to the understanding of the ethnocultural aspects of trauma and the potential interventions that may be tailored for minority groups.

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

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