Department of Student Support Services, International School of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.
School-based intervention programs for PTSD symptoms: A review and meta-analysis†
Article first published online: 18 MAR 2011
Copyright © 2011 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 24, Issue 2, pages 155–165, April 2011
How to Cite
Rolfsnes, E. S. and Idsoe, T. (2011), School-based intervention programs for PTSD symptoms: A review and meta-analysis. J. Traum. Stress, 24: 155–165. doi: 10.1002/jts.20622
This manuscript is partially based on a thesis written by Erika S. Rolfsnes, submitted to the University of Stavanger on May 25, 2009. Thormod Idsoe supervised the work.
- Issue published online: 8 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 18 MAR 2011
This is a review and meta-analysis of school-based intervention programs targeted at reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Nineteen studies conducted in 9 different countries satisfied the inclusionary criteria. The studies dealt with various kinds of type I and type II trauma exposure. Sixteen studies used cognitive–behavioral therapy methods; the others used play/art, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, and mind-body techniques. The overall effect size for the 19 studies was d = 0.68 (SD = 0.41), indicating a medium-large effect in relation to reducing symptoms of PTSD. The authors' findings suggest that intervention provided within the school setting can be effective in helping children and adolescents following traumatic events.