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Predictors of rape: Findings from the National Survey of Adolescents

Authors

  • Lisa S. Elwood,

    Corresponding author
    1. Medical University of South Carolina
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina
    • Kathy J. Weinman Bldg., One University Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63121-4400
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    • Department of Psychology, Center for Trauma Recovery, University of Missouri-St. Louis.

  • Daniel W. Smith,

    1. Medical University of South Carolina
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina
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  • Heidi S. Resnick,

    1. Medical University of South Carolina
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina
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  • Berglind Gudmundsdottir,

    1. Medical University of South Carolina
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina
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  • Ananda B. Amstadter,

    1. Medical University of South Carolina
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina
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  • Rochelle F. Hanson,

    1. Medical University of South Carolina
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina
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  • Benjamin E. Saunders,

    1. Medical University of South Carolina
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina
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  • Dean G. Kilpatrick

    1. Medical University of South Carolina
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina
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  • Wave I of the National Survey of Adolescents was funded by grant number 93-IJ-CX-0023 from the National Institute of Justice and Wave II was funded by grant number R49/CCR419810 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Abstract

The current report examines data for 872 female adolescents obtained during the initial and follow-up interviews of the National Survey of Adolescents, a nationally representative sample. Lifetime prevalence of violence exposure reported was 12% and 13% for sexual assault, 19% and 10% for physical assault/punishment, and 33% and 26% for witnessing violence at Waves I and II, respectively. Racial/ethnic status, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), childhood sexual abuse (CSA), and family drug problems emerged as significant predictors of new rape. Each of the PTSD symptom clusters significantly predicted new rape and analyses supported the mediational role of PTSD between CSA and new rape. African American or other racial identity was associated with lower risk.

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