This study has been funded by a grant from the EXTRA funds from the Norwegian Foundation for Health and Rehabilitation through the Norwegian Council for Mental Health. Parts of this material were presented orally on the 26th ISTSS conference, Montreal, Canada. We thank the survivors and the comparison group for their participation.
Disaster survivors in their third decade: Trajectories of initial stress responses and long-term course of mental health†
Article first published online: 18 MAY 2011
Copyright © 2011 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 24, Issue 3, pages 334–341, June 2011
How to Cite
Holgersen, K. H., Klöckner, C. A., Jakob Boe, H., Weisæth, L. and Holen, A. (2011), Disaster survivors in their third decade: Trajectories of initial stress responses and long-term course of mental health. J. Traum. Stress, 24: 334–341. doi: 10.1002/jts.20636
- Issue published online: 7 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 18 MAY 2011
This study analyzed trajectories of initial stress and long-term mental health after the 1980 North Sea oil rig disaster. A growth-mixture model of the survivors' stress manifestations in the first 8 weeks (Posttraumatic Stress Scale, [PTSS-10]) and general mental health in 1980, 1981, 1985, and 2007 (General Health Questionnaire, [GHQ-20]) was estimated. Survivors' GHQ-scores in 1985 and 2007 were contrasted to those of a comparison group. Four trajectories were identified among survivors. The resilient (n = 43) displayed initially moderate stress that rapidly declined. The recovery (n = 10), chronic (n = 8), and relapse (n = 9) showed initially stable high stress scores, but the long-term mental health differed. Early screening may identify those at long-term risk.