Get access

Teacher-delivered resilience-focused intervention in schools with traumatized children following the second Lebanon war

Authors

  • Leo Wolmer,

    Corresponding author
    1. Tel Aviv-Brull Community Mental Health Center and Donald J. Cohen & Irving B. Harris Resilience Center for Trauma and Disaster Intervention by the Association for Children at Risk
    Current affiliation:
    1. Tel Aviv-Brull Community Mental Health Center and Donald J. Cohen & Irving B. Harris Resilience Center for Trauma and Disaster Intervention by the Association for Children at Risk, Israel
    • Director of Psychology Research, Tel-Aviv Community Mental Health Center, 9 Hatzvi Street, Tel-Aviv, 67197, Israel
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Daniel Hamiel,

    1. Tel Aviv-Brull Community Mental Health Center, Donald J. Cohen & Irving B. Harris Resilience Center for Trauma and Disaster Intervention by the Association for Children at Risk, and Tel Aviv-Jaffa Academic College
    Current affiliation:
    1. Tel Aviv-Brull Community Mental Health Center, Donald J. Cohen & Irving B. Harris Resilience Center for Trauma and Disaster Intervention by the Association for Children at Risk, Israel, and Tel Aviv-Jaffa Academic College
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jack D. Barchas,

    1. Weill Cornell Medical College
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Michelle Slone,

    1. Tel-Aviv University
    Current affiliation:
    1. Department of Psychology, Tel-Aviv University
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Nathaniel Laor

    1. Tel Aviv-Brull Community Mental Health Center, Donald J. Cohen & Irving B. Harris Resilience Center for Trauma and Disaster Intervention by the Association for Children at Risk, Tel-Aviv University, and Child Study Center
    Current affiliation:
    1. Tel Aviv-Brull Community Mental Health Center; Donald J. Cohen & Irving B. Harris Resilience Center for Trauma and Disaster Intervention by the Association for Children at Risk, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University; and Child Study Center, Yale University
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Leo Wolmer and Daniel Hamiel are both first authors. This work was supported by grants from the Pritzker Family Foundation and the Irving Harris Foundation. We deeply thank Mor Aram and Maya Faians for their contribution to the program implementation and data management.

Abstract

The 2006 Lebanon War exposed children in the north of Israel to daily rocket attacks. To cope with the massive psychological needs, a teacher-delivered protocol focusing on enhancing personal resilience was implemented. Children were assessed for risk factors, symptoms, and adaptation before the 16-week program (Time 1; n = 983) and after its completion (Time 2; n = 563). At a 3-month follow-up (Time 3; n = 754) children were assessed together with a waiting-list comparison group (n = 1,152). Participating children showed a significant symptom decrease at Time 2 and significantly fewer symptoms than the control group at Time 3. Six or more risk factors were associated with greater symptoms and parental concern about the child's adaptive functioning. Teachers are valuable cost-effective providers for clinically informed interventions after mass trauma and disaster.

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

original image
original image

Ancillary