Erratum for “Psychophysiological Characteristics of PTSD in Children and Adolescents: A Review of the Literature”


This article corrects:

  1. Psychophysiological characteristics of PTSD in children and adolescents: A review of the literature Volume 24, Issue 2, 146–154, Article first published online: 24 March 2011

In the recently published article in Journal of Traumatic Stress

(Kirsch, Wilhelm, and Goldbeck, 2011, 146–154, DOI: 10.1002/jts20620), there is an error in Table 1; “2a” in the 11th row, 5th column (labeled N) should have been “21a”. The table is reprinted in its entirety over the following pages.1

Table 1. Characteristics of the Included Studies
StudyPhysiological parameterTemporal mode of assessmentAge M (SD)NControlsTrauma typeTime since trauma
  1. Note. F = Female; HR = heart rate; BPM = beats per minute; IBI = interbeat interval; SBP/DBP = Systolic/diastolic blood pressure; EDA = electrodermal activity; RSA = respiratory sinus arrhythmia (index of cardiac vagal control). Trauma type: Inj = injuries (motor vehicle accidents, traumatic falls, burns or other traumatic injuries); EQ = earthquake; SA = sexual abuse; Amok = sniper attack at school; 9/11 = September 11 attacks; Prev tr = previous trauma; na = not assessed; ns = not specified.

  2. aFull and subclinical combined for analyses. bReanalysis of data from the same sample. cCurrent or lifetime diagnosis. dSubgroup of De Young et al. (2007).

Bryant (2007)HRContinuously for 1 minRange = 7–1276aInj⩽6 m
Carrion (2002) Weems (2007)bSalivary cortisol4 times/day on 3 consecutive days10.7 (1.7)51a3151% multiple ⩾6 m
De Bellis (1999)Urinary free cortisol, (nor)epinephrine24-h collection10.4 (1.4)1834Multiple≥3 m
Delahanty (2005)Urinary cortisol, (nor)epinephrine12-h collection13.0 (3.0)58Inj, Prev tr excluded≤6 w
De Young (2007)HRns10.8 (2.4)101aInj, Prev tr na≤6 m
Duval (2004)Blood ACTH, cortisol1–3 times/day on 2 consecutive days16.2 (1.9)141457% multipleM 5.6 (4.0) y
Goenjian (2003)Plasma ACTH; Serum TSH, GH, cortisol2 times on 1 day14.0 (0.5)3331EQ, Prev tr naM 6.5 (ns) y
Goenjian (1996)Salivary cortisol2–3 times/day on 2 consecutive days13.0 (ns)1522EQ, Prev tr naM 5 (ns) y
Haviland (2006)Blood TSH, T3, T41 time on 1 day14.3 (1.9)22 F74% multiplena
Jones-Alexander (2005)HR (BPM), SBP, DBP, EDAsample rates once per min during 26 min12.7 (ns)21a14Inj, Prev tr na⩾1 m
Kassam-Adams (2005)HRns11.2 (2.4)190aInj, Prev tr na≤3 m
King (2001)Salivary cortisol1 time on 1 day6.4 (0.9)10 F10SA, Prev tr na≤2 m
Krenichyn (2001)HR, SBP, DBPsample rate once each 3 minMdn = 1040Multiplena
Lipschitz (2005)Startle reflex 16.5 (2.8)28 Fc23Multiple, Prev tr nana
MacMillian (2009)HR (BPM)Continuously during 1 min14.0 (1.5)67 F25Multiplena
 Salivary cortisol6 times on 1 day     
Nugent (2006a), (2006b)b, (2007)bHR Urinary cortisolns 12-h collection13.2 (2.9)82aInj, Prev tr na≤6 m
Olsson (2008)dHRns10.8 (2.4)79aInj, Prev tr na≤6 m
Ornitz (1989)Startle reflex Range = 8–1366Amok, Prev tr na17–21 m
Ostrowski (2007)Urinary free cortisol12–15-h collection13.4 (3.0)54aInj, Prev tr na≤7 m
Pervanidou (2007)bSalivary cortisol5 times on 1 day11.2 (3.1)6040Inj, Prev tr na≤6 m
 Serum cortisol, norepinephrine, IL-61 time on 1day     
Pfeffer (2007)Salivary cortisol2–3 times on 4 days8.9 (2.9)45349/11, Prev tr naM 19.3 (8.5) w
Saltzman (2005)HR, DBP, SBPns8.3 (2.2)2127Multiplena
 Salivary cortisol2 times on 1 day     
Scheeringa (2004)HR (IBI), RSAContinuously during 9 minRange = 1–66262Multiple⩾2 m
Weems (2009)Salivary cortisol4 times/day on 3 consecutive days13.3 (2.2)41a1562% multiple⩾1 y
Zatzick (2006)HRns15.9 (1.9)108Inj, Prev tr na≤1 y