Attachment Narratives in Refugee Children: Interrater Reliability and Qualitative Analysis in Pilot Findings From a Two-Site Study

Authors


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Lucia De Haene, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Leuven, Belgium, Vesaliusstraat 2, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. E-mail: lucia.dehaene@ppw.kuleuven.be

Abstract

Although forced migration research on refugee family functioning clearly points to the potential breakdown of parental availability and responsiveness in the context of cumulative migration stressors, studies exploring attachment security in refugee children are surprisingly lacking so far. The authors report their findings from a 2-site, small-scale administration of an attachment measure, adapted for use with refugee children aged between 4 and 9 years from a reliable and validated doll-play procedure. We evaluated interrater reliability and conducted a qualitative analysis of refugee children's narrative response to identify migration-specific representational markers of attachment quality. The level of agreement among 3 independent coders ranged between .54 to 1.00 for both study samples, providing initial psychometric evidence of the measure's value in assessing child attachment security in this population. The exploratory analysis of migration-related narrative markers pointed to specific parameters to be used in parent–child observational assessments in future validation of the attachment measure, such as parental withdrawal or trauma-communication within the parent–child dyad.

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

標題:難民兒童的依附陳述:一個兩地研究先導報告的評價者間信賴度和品質分析

撮要:雖然強制移民研究指出移民家庭運作在移民累積壓力下可能破壞雙親陪伴的情況和反應度,但是甚少研究是探索難民兒童的依附安全感。本文報告一個小型兩地研究,採用一項認可又可靠的玩偶程序依附量度來評估4至9歲難民兒童。我們測定評價者間信賴度,又對難民兒童陳述反應進行品質分析來發掘依附品質中移民專屬標記。兩地樣本中3位獨立評價者的一致性為.54-1.00,提供此研究人群中兒童依附安全感的評估量度值的初步心理測量學資料。移民專屬陳述標記的探索分析中,顯示未來依附量度的確證中「雙親—兒童」觀察評估有特定參數,例如「雙親—兒童對」中父母退縮或創傷溝通。

标题:难民儿童的依附陈述:一个两地研究先导报告的评价者间信赖度和质量分析

撮要:虽然强制移民研究指出移民家庭运作在移民累积压力下可能破坏双亲陪伴的情况和反应度,但是甚少研究是探索难民儿童的依附安全感。本文报告一个小型两地研究,采用一项认可又可靠的玩偶程序依附量度来评估4至9岁难民儿童。我们测定评价者间信赖度,又对难民儿童陈述反应进行质量分析来发掘依附质量中移民专属标记。两地样本中3位独立评价者的一致性为.54-1.00,提供此研究人群中儿童依附安全感的评估量度值的初步心理测量学资料。移民专属陈述标记的探索分析中,显示未来依附量度的确证中「双亲—儿童」观察评估有特定参数,例如「双亲—儿童对」中父母退缩或创伤沟通。

Ancillary