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PTSD in the DSM-5: Reply to Brewin (2013), Kilpatrick (2013), and Maercker and Perkonigg (2013)


  • Matthew J. Friedman

    Corresponding author
    1. National Center for PTSD, White River Junction, Vermont, USA
    2. Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA
    • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Matthew J. Friedman, National Center for PTSD, VA Medical Center, 215 North Main Street, White River Junction, VT 05009. E-mail:

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The greater emphasis on scientific evidence and the high threshold for changing any criterion in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (4th ed., DSM-IV) probably account for many key differences between the DSM-5 and the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (11th ver.; ICD-11) with regard to diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Important questions about PTSD remain that can only be settled by future research. Additional research is also needed on subthreshold PTSD, a dissociative subtype described in the DSM-5; complex PTSD, included in the ICD-11; bereavement-related disorders; and adjustment disorders. We can all look forward to such scientific advances to inform our ongoing efforts to develop the best diagnostic criteria for trauma- and stressor-related disorders.

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標題:DSM-5的PTSD:答覆Brewin(2013) ,Kilpatrick(2013) ,及Maercker & Perkonigg(2013)


标题:DSM-5的PTSD:答复Brewin(2013) ,Kilpatrick(2013) ,及Maercker & Perkonigg(2013)