Intimate Partner Violence Among Women Veterans: Previous Interpersonal Violence as a Risk Factor

Authors

  • Katherine M. Iverson,

    Corresponding author
    1. National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    2. Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Katherine M. Iverson at the VA Boston Healthcare System, 150 S. Huntington Avenue (116B-3), Boston, MA 02130. E-mail: katherine.iverson@va.gov

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  • Rowena Mercado,

    1. Harvard South Shore Psychiatry Residency Program, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    2. Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Sarah L. Carpenter,

    1. Department of Psychology, Suffolk University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • Amy E. Street

    1. National Center for PTSD, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    2. Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
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  • This work was supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development (HSR&D) Services as part of Dr. Katherine Iverson's HSR&D Career Development Award (CDA 10-029). The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Abstract

Experiences of abuse during childhood or military service may increase women veterans’ risk for intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization. This study examined the relative impact of 3 forms of interpersonal violence exposure (childhood physical abuse [CPA], childhood sexual abuse [CSA], and unwanted sexual experiences during military service) and demographic and military characteristics on past-year IPV among women veterans. Participants were 160 female veteran patients at Veterans Afffairs hospitals in New England who completed a paper-and-pencil mail survey that included validated assessments of past-year IPV and previous interpersonal violence exposures. Women who reported CSA were 3.06 times, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.14, 8.23], more likely to report past-year IPV relative to women who did not experience CSA. Similarly, women who reported unwanted sexual experiences during military service were 2.33 times, 95% CI [1.02, 5.35], more likely to report past-year IPV compared to women who did not report such experiences. CPA was not associated with IPV risk. Having less education and having served in the Army (vs. other branches) were also associated with greater risk of experiencing IPV in the past year. Findings have implications for assisting at risk women veterans in reducing their risk for IPV through detection and intervention efforts.

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

標題:女性退役軍人中親密伴侶暴力:昔日人際暴力的風險。

撮要:童年或服役期間受虐待經歷可能增加女性退役軍人的親密伴侶暴力(IPV)受害風險。本研究檢視三種不同形式的人際暴力經歷(即兒童身體受害(CPA),兒童性受虐(CSA),和服役時非自願性經驗),對女性退役兵的過去一年IPV方面人口統計學和軍事特徵的相對衝擊。樣本是160名新英倫醫療保健系統的女退役軍病人,而她們完成了一個郵寄書寫調查,包括過往一年IPV和過往人際暴力的有效評核。對比無CSA者報告,有3.06倍CSA婦女報告過去一年有IPV (95% CI﹝1.14, 8.23﹞)。有2.33倍非自願性經驗的婦女(95% CI﹝1.02–5.35﹞)報告過去一年有IPV。CPV則未與IPV風險有關連。較低學歷和在陸軍服役(對比其他軍種)都有較高風險經歷過去一年IPV。結果顯示及早察覺和介入有風險的女性退役軍人有肋減少IPV的風險。

标题:女性退役军人中亲密伴侣暴力:过往人际暴力的风险。

撮要:童年或服役期间受虐待经历可能增加女性退役军人的亲密伴侣暴力(IPV)受害风险。本研究检视三种不同形式的人际暴力经历(即儿童身体受害(CPA),儿童性受虐(CSA),和服役时非自愿性经验),对女性退役军的过去一年IPV方面人口统计学和军事特征的相对冲击。样本是160名新英伦医疗保健系统的女退役军病人,而她们完成了一个邮寄书写调查,包括过往一年IPV和过往人际暴力的有效评估。对比无CSA者报告,有3.06倍CSA妇女报告过去一年有IPV (95% CI﹝1.14, 8.23﹞)。有2.33倍非自愿性经验的妇女(95% CI﹝1.02–5.35﹞)报告过去一年有IPV。CPV则未与IPV风险有相关。较低学历和在陆军服役(对比其他军种)都有较高风险经历过去一年IPV。结果显示及早察觉和介入有风险的女性退役军人有肋减少IPV的风险。

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