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The Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory (DRRI) is a widely used instrument for assessing deployment-related risk and resilience factors among war veterans. A revision of this instrument was recently undertaken to enhance the DRRI's applicability across a variety of deployment-related circumstances and military subgroups. The resulting suite of 17 distinct DRRI-2 scales is the product of a multiyear psychometric endeavor that involved (a) focus groups with Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) veterans to inform an assessment of the content validity of original DRRI measures, (b) examination of item and scale characteristics of revised scales in a national sample of 469 OEF/OIF veterans, and (c) administration of refined scales to a second national sample of 1,046 OEF/OIF veterans to confirm their psychometric quality. Both classical test theory and item response theory analytical strategies were applied to inform major revisions, which included updating the coverage of warfare-related stressors, expanding the assessment of family factors throughout the deployment cycle, and shortening scales. Finalized DRRI-2 scales demonstrated strong internal consistency reliability and criterion-related validity. The DRRI-2 can be applied to examine the role that psychosocial factors play in postdeployment health and inform interventions aimed at reducing risk and enhancing resilience among war veterans.

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

標題:服役風險和復原力目錄 – 2:一個評估軍事人員和退役士兵心理社會風險和復原力因素工具的修訂版。

撮要:服役風險和復原力目錄(DRRI)是廣泛用作評估退役軍人的服役相關風險和復原力因素的工具。近期修訂有助DRRI在不同服役境況和不同軍隊編制中應用。我們運用一系列多重年度心理測量處理來重新修訂,包括(a)以「持久自由行動」/ 「伊拉克自由行動」(OFF/OIF) 退役兵為焦點小組來評核原有DRRI測試的內容效度;(b)以469位OEF/OIF 退役兵的全國性樣本來測試修訂版量表的項目和量表特質;及(c)以1046位OEF/OIF退役兵的第二個全國樣本來確定修訂版量表的心理測量質素,從而結集成17個不同的DRRI-2量表。通過經典測試理論和項目反應理論的分析策略找出重大修訂,包括更新戰事相關壓力源的涵蓋面,擴闊服役期間家庭因素的評估,和縮短量表。DRRI-2 量表經上述步驟後顯示充足的內在一致性信賴度和準則相關效度。DRRI-2 可以檢視服役後健康方面心理社會因素的角色,和建議退役軍人如何揀選減少風險及增加復原力的介入服務。

标题:服役风险和复原力目录 – 2:一个评估军事人员和退役军人心理社会风险和复原力因素工具的修订版。

撮要:服役风险和复原力目录(DRRI)是广泛用作评估退役军人的服役相关风险和复原力因素的工具。近期修订有助DRRI在不同服役环境和不同军队编制中应用。我们运用一系列多重年度心理测量处理来重新修订,包括(a)以「持久自由行动」/ 「伊拉克自由行动」(OFF/OIF) 退役军人为焦点小组来评核原有DRRI测试的内容效度;(b)以469位OEF/OIF 退役军人的全国性样本来测试修订版量表的项目和量表特质;及(c)以1046位OEF/OIF退役兵的第二个全国样本来确定修订版量表的心理测量质素,从而结集成17个不同的DRRI-2量表。通过经典测试理论和项目反应理论的分析策略找出重大修订,包括更新战事相关压力源的涵盖面,扩阔服役期间家庭因素的评估,和缩短量表。DRRI-2 量表经上述步骤后显示充足的内在一致性信赖度和准则相关效度。DRRI-2 可以检视服役后健康方面心理社会因素的角色,和建议退役军人如何拣选减少风险及增加复原力的介入服务。