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Association Between Parents’ PTSD Severity and Children's Psychological Distress: A Meta-Analysis

Authors

  • Jessica E. Lambert,

    Corresponding author
    1. California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University, San Diego, California, USA
    • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Jessica Lambert, California School of Professional Psychology, Alliant International University, 10455 Pomerado Road, DH- 206c, San Diego, CA 92131. E-mail: jlambert@alliant.edu

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  • Jessica Holzer,

    1. California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University, San Diego, California, USA
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  • Amber Hasbun

    1. California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University, San Diego, California, USA
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Abstract

The authors conducted a meta-analysis of studies on the correlation between parents’ PTSD symptom severity and children's psychological status. An extensive search of the literature yielded 550 studies that were screened for inclusion criteria (i.e., parent assessed for PTSD, child assessed for distress or behavioral problems, associations between parent PTSD and child status examined). Sixty-two studies were further reviewed, resulting in a final sample of 42 studies. Results yielded a moderate overall effect size r = .35. The authors compared effect sizes for studies where only the parent was exposed to a potentially traumatic event to studies where both parents and children were exposed. A series of moderators related to sample characteristics (sex of parent, type of traumatic event) and study methods (self-report vs. diagnostic interview, type of child assessment administered) were also evaluated. The only significant moderator was type of trauma; the effect size was larger for studies with parent–child dyads who were both exposed to interpersonal trauma (r = .46) than for combat veterans and their children (r = .27) and civilian parent–child dyads who were both exposed to war (r = .25). Results support the importance of considering the family context of trauma survivors and highlight areas for future research.

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

標題:元分析有關父母的PTSD嚴重程度與子女心理困擾的關係

撮要:我們對父母PTSD症狀嚴重程度和子女心理狀況之間的關係這一類研究進行元分析。廣泛文獻研究後將550篇研究篩選納入標準(即:父母被評估PTSD,子女被評估困擾或行為問題,父母PTSD和子女狀況之間關係被評估)。審閱後有62篇,再閱後只有42篇餘下。結果有中度綜合有效值r=.35。將只有父母經歷創傷事件的研究和父母及子女共同經歷創傷的研究,作有效值比較。亦評估一系列與樣本特性(父母性別,創傷事件類型)及研究方法(自我報告對比診斷面談,兒童評估方法的類別)相關的調節因素。結果是:只有創傷類別是有效調節因素,父母—子女同時經歷人際創傷(r=.46)的研究對比退役軍人及子女(r=.27)和平民父母—子女同時經歷戰事(r=.25)的研究,有着較高有效值。研究支持創傷倖存者的家庭境況是必須考慮的,亦指示未來研究方向。

标题:元分析有关父母的PTSD严重程度与子女心理困扰的关系

撮要:我们对父母PTSD症状严重程度和子女心理状况之间的关系这一类研究进行元分析。广泛文献研究后将550篇研究筛选纳入标准(即:父母被评估PTSD,子女被评估困扰或行为问题,父母PTSD和子女状况之间关系被评估)。审阅后有62篇,再阅后只有42篇余下。结果有中度综合有效值r=.35。将只有父母经历创伤事件的研究和父母及子女共同经历创伤的研究,作有效值比较。亦评估一系列与样本特性(父母性别,创伤事件类型)及研究方法(自我报告对比诊断面谈,儿童评估方法的类别)相关的调节因素。结果是:只有创伤类别是有效调节因素,父母—子女同时经历人际创伤(r=.46)的研究对比退役军人及子女(r=.27)和平民父母—子女同时经历战事(r=.25)的研究,有着较高有效值。研究支持创伤幸存者的家庭境况是必须考虑的,亦指示未来研究方向。

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