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Attentional Bias Modification in Dutch Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder—A Case Series With a Personalized Treatment Version

Authors

  • Maartje Schoorl,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    2. Department of Psychotrauma, PsyQ Haaglanden, The Hague, The Netherlands
    • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to M. Schoorl, Leiden University, Institute of Psychology, Wassenaarseweg 52, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands. E-mail: m.schoorl@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

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  • Peter Putman,

    1. Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
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  • Trudy M. Mooren,

    1. Foundation Centrum ‘45, Diemen, The Netherlands
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  • Steven Van Der Werff,

    1. Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    2. Leiden Institute of Brain and Cognition, Leiden, The Netherlands
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  • Willem Van Der Does

    1. Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, Leiden, The Netherlands
    2. Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands
    3. Leiden Institute of Brain and Cognition, Leiden, The Netherlands
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  • This research was funded by the Netherlands Organization of Scientific Research (M. S. was supported by ZonMW-OOG grant #100002039, P. P. is supported by N.W.O.-VENI grant #451-07-028 and N.W.O.-VIDI grant #452-12-003, S. v. d. W. was supported by N.W.O.-NIHC grant # 056-25-010 and A. J. W. v. d. D was supported by N.W.O.-VICI grant # 453-06-005). M. S. is also financially supported by PsyQ Haaglanden, Parnassia Bavo Groep, The Netherlands. The funding agency had no substantive involvement in the research. The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Mathijs Veeren and Jacqueline van Hees and want to express their gratitude towards Foundation Centrum ’45 for the recruitment of patients.

Abstract

Beneficial effects of attentional bias modification have been claimed for a number of anxiety disorders, but study results are variable. A recent trial in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) showed no therapeutic effects. The use of personally relevant and verbal stimuli might increase the efficacy of attentional bias modification. In an A–B case series design, we hypothesized that individualized attentional bias modification would lead to reduction of attentional bias and a decrease in PTSD symptoms. Six Dutch male war veterans (mean age 39.33 years) who had developed PTSD after peacekeeping missions underwent the treatment. No therapeutic effects were observed. Inter- and intraindividual attentional bias scores varied widely and did not respond to attentional bias modification as hypothesized. This study provides no evidence that individualized attentional bias modification is an effective treatment for PTSD.

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

標題:患上創傷後壓力症的退役軍人中修改注意力偏差方法 – 個人化治療版本的案例系列

撮要:修改注意力偏差方法聲稱,在不少焦慮症患者中有良好效果,但研究結果分歧,一個在創傷後壓力症 (PTSD) 患者的近日研究未見效果。探用個人相關的語言刺激或能增強修改注意力偏差方法的效能。利用A-B案例系列設計,我們假設個人化修改注意力偏差方法可以減少注意力偏差及PTSD症狀。樣本是從維持和平任務退役而患上PTSD的6名男軍人(平均年紀39.33歲)。他們接受治療而未見療效。人際和自身注意力偏差得分變化甚大,亦未如假設般對修改注意力偏差方法有反應。本研究未能証實個人化修改注意力偏差是治療PTSD的有效治療。

标题:患上创伤后压力症的退役军人中修改注意力偏差方法 – 个人化治疗版本的案例系列

撮要:修改注意力偏差方法声称,在不少焦虑症患者中有良好效果,但研究结果分歧,一个在创伤后压力症 (PTSD) 患者的近日研究未见效果。采用个人相关的语言刺激或能增强修改注意力偏差方法的效能。利用A-B案例系列设计,我们假设个人化修改注意力偏差方法可以减少注意力偏差及PTSD症状。样本是从维持和平任务退役而患上PTSD的6名男军人(平均年纪39.33岁)。他们接受治疗而未见疗效。人际和自身注意力偏差得分变化甚大,亦未如假设般对修改注意力偏差方法有反应。本研究未能证实个人化修改注意力偏差是治疗PTSD的有效治疗。

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