Dr. Wisco is now at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
Traumatic Brain Injury, PTSD, and Current Suicidal Ideation Among Iraq and Afghanistan U.S. Veterans
Article first published online: 17 MAR 2014
2014. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 27, Issue 2, pages 244–248, April 2014
How to Cite
Wisco, B. E., Marx, B. P., Holowka, D. W., Vasterling, J. J., Han, S. C., Chen, M. S., Gradus, J. L., Nock, M. K., Rosen, R. C. and Keane, T. M. (2014), Traumatic Brain Injury, PTSD, and Current Suicidal Ideation Among Iraq and Afghanistan U.S. Veterans. J. Traum. Stress, 27: 244–248. doi: 10.1002/jts.21900
Funding was provided by the U.S. Department of Defense Awards W81XWH-08-2-0100 and W81XWH-08-2-0102. Dr. Wisco was supported by Award Number T32MH019836 from the National Institute of Mental Health. The funding organizations for this study had no role in the design or conduct of the study; in the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data or in preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Department of Defense, Department of Veterans Affairs, or the National Institute of Mental Health.
- Issue published online: 16 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 17 MAR 2014
- U.S. Department of Defense Awards. Grant Numbers: W81XWH-08-2-0100, W81XWH-08-2-0102
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Number: T32MH019836
Suicide is a prevalent problem among veterans deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and psychiatric conditions, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), are potentially important risk factors for suicide in this population, but the literature is limited by a dearth of research on female veterans and imprecise assessment of TBI and suicidal behavior. This study examined 824 male and 825 female U.S. veterans who were enrolled in the baseline assessment of the Veterans After-Discharge Longitudinal Registry (Project VALOR), an observational registry of veterans with and without PTSD who deployed in support of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and were enrolled in the Veterans Affairs healthcare system. Results indicated that current depressive symptoms, PTSD, and history of prior TBI were all significantly associated with current suicidal ideation (Cohen's d = 0.91, Cramers’ Vs = .19 and .08, respectively). After adding a number of variables to the model, including psychiatric comorbidity, TBI history was associated with increased risk of current suicidal ideation among male veterans only (RR = 1.55). TBI is an important variable to consider in future research on suicide among veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, particularly among male veterans.
Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS
撮要：從伊拉克和阿富汗退役的軍人中自殺是常見的問題，而創傷性腦受損(TBI) 和精神問題(如創傷後壓力症(PTSD))是其中潛在主要風險因素，但文獻中少有研究女退役人員，而TBI和自殺行為亦未見有準確評估。本文檢視824名男性和825名女性美國退役軍人，他們參與一個曾被派駐伊拉克和阿富汗戰事支援士兵(患上及非患上PTSD)的觀察名冊，即出院後退役軍人縱向檔案的基準評估(VALOR計劃)，和接受退役軍人事務健康服務。結果顯示現存抑鬱症狀，PTSD和以前TBI 病史在統計學上與現存自殺念頭顯著相關 (Cohen's d=0.91, Cramers’ Vs= .19和.08)。加入一系列變量到模型中，包括精神病共病性，TBI 病史只與男性退役兵(RR=1.55) 現存自殺念頭的增加風險有相關。未來有關伊拉克和阿富汗戰事退役軍人(特別是男性)的自殺研究必須考量TBI 為一重要變量。
撮要：从伊拉克和阿富汗退役的军人中自杀是常见的问题，而创伤性脑受损(TBI) 和精神问题(如创伤后压力症(PTSD))是其中潜在主要风险因素，但文献中少有研究女退役人员，而TBI和自杀行为亦未见有准确评估。本文检视824名男性和825名女性美国退役军人，他们参与一个曾被派驻伊拉克和阿富汗战事支援士兵(患上及非患上PTSD)的观察名册，即出院后退役军人纵向档案的基准评估(VALOR计划)，和接受退役军人事务健康服务。结果显示现存忧郁症状，PTSD和以前TBI 病史在统计学上与现存自杀念头显著相关 (Cohen's d=0.91, Cramers’ Vs= .19和.08)。加入一系列变量到模型中，包括精神病共病性，TBI 病史只与男性退役兵(RR=1.55) 现存自杀念头的增加风险有相关。未来有关伊拉克和阿富汗战事退役军人(特别是男性)的自杀研究必须考虑TBI 为一重要变量。