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Sexual Violence Therapy Group in a Women's Correctional Facility: A Preliminary Evaluation

Authors

  • Marie E. Karlsson,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA
    • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to either Marie Karlsson, Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701. E-mail: mkarlsso@email.uark.edu, or to Ana J. Bridges, Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701. E-mail: abridges@uark.edu.

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  • Ana J. Bridges,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA
    • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to either Marie Karlsson, Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701. E-mail: mkarlsso@email.uark.edu, or to Ana J. Bridges, Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701. E-mail: abridges@uark.edu.

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  • Jessica Bell,

    1. Peace at Home Family Shelter Inc, Springdale, Arkansas, USA
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  • Patricia Petretic

    1. Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA
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  • The authors wish to thank the staff and residents at the Northwest Arkansas Community Corrections Center and staff at the Arkansas Community Correction for their support and involvement in this project.

Abstract

This pilot study was an evaluation of an 8-week exposure-based therapy group targeting sexual trauma in incarcerated women, an underserved population with high rates of trauma exposure. Preliminary findings from 14 female prisoners showed significant decreases in depressive and anxiety symptoms from pre- to posttreatment. Of the women who were above the screening cutoff for possible posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; n = 13), depression (n = 12), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; n = 12) at pretreatment, approximately 60% had recovered, meaning they had symptom reductions that placed them below the cutoff at posttreatment (n = 8 for PTSD; n = 8 for depression, and n = 9 for GAD). In addition, 85% of participants reported a clinically significant reduction in depressive symptoms and 50% in GAD symptoms. The findings show promise for successful group treatment of sexual violence sequelae in incarcerated women.

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

標題:女性懲教中心性暴力治療小組:一個初步評估。

撮要:本先導研究是在被監禁女性(有高創傷經歷比率但缺乏醫治的人羣)中評估針對性創傷的8週暴露治療小組的效果。初步發現14名女囚犯治療後明顯減少抑鬱和焦慮症狀。治療前被篩查有可能創傷後壓力症(PTSD; n = 13)、抑鬱症(n = 12)和廣泛焦慮症(GAD; n = 12)的女子在治療後約60%康復,即症狀減少至分界線下(PTSD有 n = 8,抑鬱症有n = 8,和GAD有n = 9)。再者,85%參加者報告臨床顯著減少抑鬱症狀,和50%有GAD症狀減少。結果顯示小組治療對在囚女士性暴力後遺症狀有成功的果效。

标题:女性惩教中心性暴力治疗小组:一个初步评估。

撮要:本先导研究是在受监禁女性(有高创伤经历比率但缺乏医治的人羣)中评估针对性创伤的8周暴露治疗小组的效果。初步发现14名女囚犯治疗后明显减少抑郁和焦虑症状。治疗前被筛查有可能创伤后压力症(PTSD; n = 13)、抑郁症(n = 12)和广泛焦虑症(GAD; n = 12)的女子在治疗后约60%康复,即症状减少至分界线下(PTSD有 n = 8,抑郁症有n = 8,和GAD有n = 9)。再者,85%参加者报告临床显著减少抑郁症状,和50%有GAD症状减少。结果显示小组治疗对在囚女士性暴力后遗症状有成功的果效。

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