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Mobilizing Victim Services: The Role of Reporting to the Police

Authors

  • Heather Zaykowski

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Sociology, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Heather Zaykowski, Department of Sociology, University of Massachusetts Boston, 100 Morrissey Boulevard, Boston, MA, 02125–3393. E-mail: heather.zaykowski@umb.edu

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Abstract

Victim assistance programs have grown dramatically in response to the victim's rights movement and concern over difficulty navigating victim services. Evidence, however, indicates that very few victims seek assistance. The present study examined factors associated with victim service use including reporting to the police, the victim's demographic characteristics, the victim's injury, offender's use of a weapon, the victim's relationship to the offender, and the victim's mental and physical distress. Data came from a subset of the National Crime Victimization Survey 2008–2011 (N = 4,746), a stratified multistage cluster sample survey of persons age 12 years and older in the United States. Logistic regression models indicated that fewer than 10% of victims of violent crime sought help from victim services. Reporting to the police increased the odds of seeking services by 3 times. In addition, the odds of victims attacked by an intimate partner seeking services were 4.5 times greater than victims attacked by strangers. Findings suggest that additional exploratory work is needed in uncovering the mechanism of police involvement in linking victims to services. Specifically, do police understand what services are available to victims and why are police more likely to inform some types of victims about services more than others?

Traditional and Simplified Chinese Abstracts by AsianSTSS

標題:動員受害者服務:報警的角色。

撮要:受害者權益運動和受害者服務搜索困難的顧慮都令受害者支援計劃近年急速增加,但現實中受害人甚少尋求協助。本研究採用全國罪案受害人調查(2008–2011),此乃美國12歲及以上人士的多層多階段聚合樣本(N = 4,746),以檢定促進受害者使用服務的可能因素包括:受害人人口調查學特徵,受害者的傷害,侵害者武器使用,報警,受害人與侵害者的關係,及受害者精神和身體痛苦。邏輯回歸模型顯示只有少于10%暴力罪案受害人尋求受害者服務。報警令尋求服務機會增大3倍。對比受陌生人侵害,受害者若被親密伴侶襲擊後尋求服務機會增大4.5倍。結論指出警方協助連接受害人到相關服務的機制必須更多探索性研究。其中尤其是:警方是否知悉現存受害人服務,和警方對某類受害人為何提供更多服務的相關信息?

标题:动员受害者服务:报警的角色。

撮要:受害者权益运动和受害者服务搜索困难的顾虑都令受害者支持计划近年急速增加,但现实中受害人甚少寻求协助。本研究采用全国罪案受害人调查(2008–2011),此乃美国12岁及以上人士的多层多阶段聚合样本(N = 4,746),以检定促进受害者使用服务的可能因素包括:受害人人口调查学特征,受害者的伤害,侵害者武器使用,报警,受害人与侵害者的关系,及受害者精神和身体痛苦。逻辑回归模型显示只有少于10%暴力罪案受害人寻求受害者服务。报警令寻求服务机会增大3倍。对比受陌生人侵害,受害者若被亲密伴侣袭击后寻求服务机会增大4.5倍。结论指出警方协助连接受害人到相关服务的机制必须更多探索性研究。其中尤其是:警方是否知悉现存受害人服务,和警方对某类受害人为何提供更多服务的相关信息?

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