This paper is based on an invited keynote presentation at the American Psychological Association's Joint-Divisions (29, 42, 43) Mid-year Conference, New Orleans, March 1987.
A five-phase treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in families†
Version of Record online: 19 FEB 2006
Copyright © 1988 International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Volume 1, Issue 1, pages 127–141, January 1988
How to Cite
Figley, C. R. (1988), A five-phase treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in families. J. Traum. Stress, 1: 127–141. doi: 10.1002/jts.2490010109
- Issue online: 19 FEB 2006
- Version of Record online: 19 FEB 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 MAY 1987
- families of catastrophe;
- highly stressful event;
- family therapy
The purpose of this paper is to present a rationale for and application of family therapy to traumatized clients and the families of these clients. After noting the frequency of trauma-inducing, highly stressful events, the paper briefly reviews the relevant traumatic stress literature. Next the paper includes a description of a theoretical orientation which draws from both the literatures of traumatic stress and family therapy. The bulk of the paper explicates a five-phase treatment approach to treating traumatized families. These phases are: (1) Building Commitment to the Therapeutic Objectives, (2) Framing the Problem, (3) Reframing the Problem, (4) Developing a Healing Theory, and (5) Closure and Preparedness. The concepts of victim blaming, roundtable testimonials, and healing theory are introduced and discussed here. The latter part of the paper presents several challenges for researchers and clinicians who are interested in traumatized families.